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Kings & Queens of England, Scotland, Wales & United Kingdom

Kings & Queens by length of reign  |  Kings & Queens by age of accession  |  Coronations

Kings of England

Dates Ruler House
757-796 Offa House of Mercia
802-839 Egbert House of Wessex
839-856 Aethelwulf House of Wessex
856-860 Aethelbald House of Wessex
860-866 Aethelbert House of Wessex
866-871 Aethelred I House of Wessex
871-899 Alfred the Great House of Wessex
899-924 Edward the Elder House of Wessex
924-939 Athelstan House of Wessex
939-946 Edmund House of Wessex
946-955 Edred House of Wessex
955-959 Edwy House of Wessex
959-975 Edgar House of Wessex
975-978 Edward the Martyr House of Wessex
978-1016 Aethelred II the Unready House of Wessex
1016 Edmund lronside House of Wessex
1016-1035 Cnut (Canute) House of Denmark
1035-1040 Harold I Harefoot House of Denmark
1040-1042 Harthacanut House of Denmark
1042-1066 Edward the Confessor House of Wessex
1066 Harold II House of Wessex
1066-1087 William I House of Normandy
1087-1100 William II House of Normandy
1100-1135 Henry I House of Normandy
1135-1154 Stephen House of Blois
1154-1189 Henry II House of Angevin
1189-1199 Richard I House of Angevin
1199-1216 John House of Angevin
1216-1272 Henry III House of Plantagenet

Kings and Rulers of Wales

Dates Ruler House
825-844 Merfyn Frych (Merfyn the Freckled) Lord of Gwynedd
844-878 Rhodri Mawr (Rhodri the Great) Lord of Gwynedd
878-916 Anarawd ap Rhodri Lord of Gwynedd
916-942 Idwal Foel (Idwahl the bald) Lord of Ceredigion
942-950 Hywel Dda ap Cadell (Hywel the Good) Lord of Ceredigion
950-974 Iago ab Idwal Lord of Ceredigion
974-985 Hywel ab Ieuaf (Hywel the bad) Lord of Gwynedd
985-986 Cadwallon ab Ieuaf Lord of Gwynedd
999-1005 Maredudd ap Owain Lord of Gwynedd & Dehuebarth
1005-1018 Aeddan ap Blegywryd Lord of Gwynedd & Dehuebarth
1018-1023 Llywelyn ap Seisyll Lord of Gwynedd & Dehuebarth
1039-1063 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Lord of Gwynedd
1081-1137 Gruffydd ap Cynan Lord of Gwynedd
1135-1137 Gruffydd ap Rhys Lord of Gwynedd
1137-1170 Owain Gwynedd ap Gruffydd Lord of Gwynedd
1170-1194 Dafydd and Rhodri ap Owain Lord of Gwynedd
1194-1240 Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Llywelyn the Great) Lord of Gwynedd
1240-1246 Dafydd ap Llywelyn Lord of Gwynedd
1246-1282 Llywelyn ap Gruffydd (Llywelyn the Last) Lord of Gwynedd

Kings and Queens of Scotland

Scottish Kings & Queens by length of reign

Dates Ruler House
843-858 Kenneth MacAlpin House of Alpin
858-862 Donald I House of Alpin
862-877 Constantine I House of Alpin
877-878 Aedh House of Alpin
878-889 Eochaid House of Alpin
889-900 Donald II House of Alpin
900-943 Constantine II House of Alpin
943-954 Malcolm I House of Alpin
954-962 Indulf House of Alpin
962-966 Dubh House of Alpin
966-971 Culen House of Alpin
971-995 Kenneth II House of Alpin
995-997 Constantine III House of Alpin
997-1005 Kenneth III House of Alpin
1005-1034 Malcolm II House of Alpin
1034-1040 Duncan I House of Dunkeld
1040-1057 Macbeth House of Dunkeld
1057-1058 Lulach (The Fool) House of Dunkeld
1058-1093 Malcolm III Canmore House of Canmore
1093-1094 Donald III (Donald Bane) House of Canmore
1094 Duncan II House of Canmore
1094-1097 Donald III (Donald Bane) House of Canmore
1097-1107 Edgar House of Canmore
1107-1124 Alexander I House of Canmore
1124-1153 David I House of Canmore
1153-1165 Malcolm IV House of Canmore
1165-1214 William I House of Canmore
1214-1249 Alexander II House of Canmore
1249-1286 Alexander III House of Canmore
1286-1290 Margaret ('Maid of Norway') House of Canmore
1290-1292 Interregnum  
1292-1296 John Balliol House of Balliol
1296-1306 Interregnum  
1306-1329 Robert I (The Bruce) House of Bruce
1329-1371 David II House of Bruce
Aug-Dec 1332 Edward Balliol (also for periods 1333-1346) House of Balliol
1371-1390 Robert II House of Stewart
1390-1406 Robert III House of Stewart
1406-1437 James I House of Stewart
1437-1460 James II House of Stewart
1460-1488 James III House of Stewart
1488-1513 James IV House of Stewart
1513-1542 James V House of Stewart
1542-1567 Mary, Oueen of Scots House of Stewart
1567-1625 James VI (James I of England 1603-1625) House of Stuart

Kings & Queens of England and Wales

Dates Ruler House
1272-1307 Edward I House of Plantagenet
1307-1327 Edward II House of Plantagenet
1327-1377 Edward III House of Plantagenet
1377-1399 Richard II House of Plantagenet
1399-1413 Henry IV House of Lancaster
1413-1422 Henry V House of Lancaster
1422-1461 Henry VI House of Lancaster
1461-1483 Edward IV House of York
1483 Edward V House of York
1483-1485 Richard III House of York
1485-1509 Henry VII House of Tudor

Kings & Queens of England, Wales and Ireland

Dates Ruler House
1509-1547 Henry VIII House of Tudor
1547-1553 Edward VI House of Tudor
1553-1558 Mary I House of Tudor
1558-1603 Elizabeth I House of Tudor

Kings & Queens of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

Dates Ruler House
1603-1625 James I (King of Scotland as James VI 1567-1625) House of Stuart
1625-1649 Charles I House of Stuart
1649-1653 Commonwealth Commonwealth
1653-1658 Oliver Cromwell (Lord Protector) Commonwealth
1658-1659 Richard Cromwell (Lord Protector) Commonwealth
1660-1685 Charles II House of Stuart
1685-1688 James II House of Stuart
1689-1694 William III of Orange and Mary II (jointly) House of Orange
1694-1702 William III (alone) House of Orange

Monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland

Dates Ruler House
1702-1714 Anne House of Stuart
1714-1727 George I House of Hanover
1727-1760 George II House of Hanover
1760-1820 George III (Elector, 1760-1815, and King,1815-20, of Hanover) House of Hanover
1820-1830 George IV House of Hanover
1830-1837 William IV (King of Hanover 1830-7) House of Hanover
1837-1901 Victoria (Empress of India 1876-1901) House of Hanover
1901-1910 Edward VII House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1910-1936 George V House of Windsor
1936 Edward VIII House of Windsor
1936-1952 George VI House of Windsor
1952-2022 Elizabeth II House of Windsor
2022- Charles III (King of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Head of the Commonwealth of Nations) House of Windsor

Kings & Queens by length of reign  |  Kings & Queens by age of accession  |  Coronations
Scottish Kings & Queens by length of reign

Rhyme to remember Kings & Queens of England since William I (the Conqueror)

Willie, Willie, Harry, Steve
Harry, Dick, John, Harry Three.
Edward One, Two, Three, Dick Two
Henry Four, Five, Six then who?
Edward Four Five, Dick the Bad
Harrys twain and Ned, the lad.
Mary, Lizzie, James the Vain
Charlie, Charlie, James again.
William and Mary, Anne o'Gloria,
Four Georges, William and Victoria
Edward Seven, Georgie Five,
Edward, George, Liz Two and Charlie Three (alive).

Mnemonic to remember the Royal Houses of England and Great Britain

Never A Plan Like Yours To Study Oral History So Wisely =
Norman, Angevin, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Orange, Hanover, Saxe-Coburg, Windsor.