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British Royal Family History

It is with great sadness that the death of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II was announced on 8th September 2022.

She was 96 years, 4 months and 18 days old, and had reigned for 70 years, 7 months and 1 day.

Queen Elizabeth II became Queen of the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth Realms and Head of the Commonwealth, on 6th February 1952. She was head of the British Royal Family, had 4 children, 8 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren.

She was the 32nd great-granddaughter of King Alfred the Great who was the first effective King of England 871-899. See Royal Family Tree.

6th February 2022 marked the 70th anniversary of her succession to the throne on the death of her father King George VI on 6th February 1952 when she was 25 years old. She was crowned Queen 16 months later at her coronation in Westminster Abbey on 2nd June 1953.

On 21st December 2007 she became the oldest reigning British monarch having lived longer than Queen Victoria who died 22nd January 1901 aged 81 years, 7 months and 29 days. On 21st April 2022 Queen Elizabeth II became 96 years old.

On 10th September 2015 Queen Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch in over 1,200 years of British History when the length of her reign surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria who reigned for 63 years and 7 months from 20th June 1837 to 22nd January 1901. See British Kings & Queens by Length of Reign.

A series of events were held from 2-5 June 2022 to celebrate the Platinum 70th Jubilee of her reign. She was the only British monarch ever to reign for over 70 years.

2017 was the 100th anniversary of the House of Windsor. It was founded by the Queen's grandfather King George V on 17th July 1917.

Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip were married on 20th November 1947 at Westminster Abbey, and in 2020 celebrated their 73rd wedding anniversary. Prince Philip died at Windsor on 9th April 2021 just 2 months before his 100th birthday. He was the longest ever serving royal consort and oldest spouse of a reigning British monarch.

Their eldest son Prince Charles is now King Charles III. He was 73 years old on 14th November 2021 and was the longest waiting and oldest ever heir to the throne. See British Kings & Queens by Age of Ascent.

On 29th April 2011 the Queen's grandson Prince William, who is now next in line to the throne, married Catherine (Kate) Middleton in Westminster Abbey. They are now the Prince and Princess of Wales and in Scotland the Duke and Duchess of Rothesay. On 22nd July 2013 their first child Prince George was born. He is 2nd in Line of Succession to the throne after his father Prince William. Their second child Princess Charlotte was born on 2nd May 2015 and is 3rd in line. Their 3rd child, Prince Louis who is 4th in line, was born on 23rd April 2018.

The Queen's grandson Prince Henry (known as Harry), who is 5th in line to the throne, and Meghan Markle were married in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 19th May 2018. They are now the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, and in Scotland the Earl and Countess of Dumbarton. Their son Archie was born on 6th May 2019, and their daughter Lilibet on 4th June 2021. They have stepped down from their royal roles and now live in California.

The Queen's granddaughter Princess Eugenie married Jack Brooksbank in St George's Chapel on the 12th October 2018. Their son August Philip was born on 9th February 2021. Her sister Princess Beatrice married Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi in the Royal Chapel of All Saints, Windsor, on 17th July 2020. Their daughter Sienna Elizabeth was born on 18th September 2021.

Elizabeth II was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and Head of the Commonwealth of Nations. Great Britain was formed 310 years ago by the Act of Union between England and Scotland on 1st April 1707. More about Great Britain and the United Kingdom.

As well as the United Kingdom, she was Queen of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, and Saint Kitts and Nevis, where she is represented by Governors-General. The fifteen countries of which she was Queen are known as Commonwealth Realms, and their combined population is 150 million.

She was Head of the Commonwealth of Nations comprising 54 member states and over 20% of the World's land in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania. The aims of the Commonwealth include the promotion of democracy, human rights, good governance, the rule of law, individual liberty, egalitarianism, free trade, multilateralism, and world peace. The 2.5 billion people in the member states account for almost a third of the world's population.

Her reign of over 70 years saw 15 Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, and numerous Prime Ministers in the Commonwealth Realms of which she is (or was) also Head of State; between them she had a total of over 170 Prime Ministers including 13 Canadian and 18 Australian Prime Ministers during her reign. There have been 14 US Presidents during her reign.